Background: Bronchial artery embolization is one of the most common interventions done in patients presenting with hemoptysis. The primary objective of this study is to identify the factors affecting recurrence of hemoptysis after bronchial artery embolization.
Methods: Twenty-three patients who presented with hemoptysis were included in this study. They all underwent bronchial artery embolization. The clinical and radiographic parameters and embolization findings and technique were identified and correlated with the recurrence of hemoptysis within 24 hours after the procedure.
Results: Only one patient had recurrence of hemoptysis 24 within hours after bronchial artery embolization. The only parameter isolated was that the patient was treated for PTB for 1.5 years. Other parameters were not predictive in the immediate recurrence of hemoptysis based on the observed trend.
Conclusion: The immediate recurrence of hemoptysis following bronchial artery embolization is low in this study. The only parameter that could have probably caused the recurrence is the long duration of PTB treatment.