The paper reports on the use of rapid ethnographic assessment methodology in the development of communication strategies and key messages to improve dietary management of diarrhea. Fifteen (15) mothers with children 3 - 34 months old with diarrhea within the previous 2 weeks were interviewed and recruited to join focus group discussions using structured questionnaires and discussion guides.The following are the important findings of the study: (1) Mothers do not practice exclusive breastfeeding during the first 4-6 months of life; (2) Many mothers breastfeed for 12 months only; (3) Mothers are confused whether "lanot" or rice water (which is commonly given during diarrhea) is food and/or fluid; and (4) Mothers are reluctant to give an extra meal, especially at night during convalescent stage of diarrhea. (Author)
The study aims to: (1) identify the problems which affect the proper feeding of children during and after diarrhea episodes; (2) formulate appropriate messages for mothers/caretakers regarding dietary management of diarrhea; (3) conduct acceptability trials and qualitative assessment of the recommended practices; and (4) recommend specific measures regarding dietary management of diarrhea as part of the national CDD program.
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